Immunisation in Adults | Health Hub

Immunisation in Adults
 

Immunisations are not solely for children.

 

You may need further vaccines as an adult based on different factors such as your age, job, lifestyle, pre-existing medical conditions, and travel.

 
 

Flu Vaccine

  • May be administered to adults of all ages, even healthy adults. However certain people are encouraged to get the vaccine more than others. This is because if these groups of people get the flu, their pre-existing medical conditions may be worsened
  • This includes people 65 years and older, people of any age with certain chronic medical conditions like diabetes, asthma, or heart disease, pregnant women, and young children
 
 

Shingles Vaccine

  • Caused by the same virus (herpes zoster) as chickenpox- anyone who has had chickenpox IS still at risk of developing shingles
  • You may get the vaccine if you have already had shingles as it will reduce the likelihood of the virus being reactivated (wait 6-12 months after you’ve had shingles)
  • Recommended for adults aged 50 years and above
  • Once off injection available through pharmacies or GP surgery
 
 

Pneumococcal Vaccine

  • Protects against the bacteria streptococcus pneumonia. The vaccine can prevent cases of pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. These are a group of potentially deadly infections that can come on very quickly
  • Should be administered to adults >65 years old and also those who are <65 who are immunocompromised and have other medical conditions
  • If you are over 65 years and receive the vaccine you will not require a booster while if you receive the vaccine prior to 65 years old, you will need a booster 5 years later
 
 

Healthcare Workers

People working in close proximity to patients and handle certain clinical material should get the following

  • Hepatitis B: this is a series of three injections which will make the recipient immune to hep. B
  • MMR (Measles, Mumps, & Rubella): A series of 2 injections of MMR, 4 weeks apart
  • Varicella (Chickenpox): If you have not had chickenpox, you should be vaccinated- 2 doses of varicella vaccine, 4 weeks apart
  • Meningococcal: Those who are routinely exposed to N. meningitides should get one dose
 
 

International Travellers

Anyone travelling abroad should ask their pharmacist or travel clinic for advice on what vaccines are necessary for the areas they’re visiting. Allow plenty of time to organise getting these vaccines as it may take a number of weeks for some of them to activate in the body

 
 

References

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